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The 25 April 2015 earthquake, with magnitude 7.8, had its epicenter in Gorkha. Hundreds of aftershocks followed, one of them being another major earthquake with 7.3 magnitude.

Many of the hardest-hit areas were rural, with some of them remote and difficult to reach, because of landslides and damaged or blocked access routes.

After the earthquake, Nepal Red Cross Society (NRCS) has been focused on an integrated recovery programme primarily targeting in 14 worst affected districts. NRCS priority project components are described as FOUR plus ONE with four thematic components of shelter, water sanitation and hygiene (WASH), health, livelihood and institutional capacity building (ICB).

However, additional districts have been targeted with not all five, but few components based on needs and availability of resources. Several other activities as identified through needs assessment such as disaster risk reduction (DRR) projects, blood transfusion programme, and environmental management projects have been included. ICB is considered as one of the major pillars of this operation.

ERO has instituted as a temporary unit governed by the Nepal Red Cross Society earthquake response steering committee. So it has its special position in the organizational structure. Along with its special mandate high level steering committee and Earthquake Response Operation unit is established to manage the operation.

The 14 most severely affected districts were Gorkha, Kathmandu, Bhaktapur, Lalitpur, Sindhupalchowk, Ramechhap, Dolakha, Nuwakot, Dhading, Rasuwa, Sindhuli, Okhaldhunga, Makwanpur, and Kavrepalanchowk. An additional nine districts (Syangja, Chitwan, Kaski, Tanahu, Khotang, Solukhumbu, Udayapur, Bhojpur and Lumjung) reported medium level damages.

Strategy for implementation of recovery programme

• Building on NRCS existing strategy, programmes, and capacities;

• Strengthening NRCS organizational units (headquarters, chapters and sub-chapters) and internal functioning of the national society;

• Integrating five thematic operational components (shelter, wash, health, livelihood and institutional capacity building);

• Designing and implementing intervention as guided by community needs assessment and maintaining alignment with post disaster needs assessment of government;

• Following one approach of operation design and implementation in all operation districts;

• Contextualizing analysis for effective recovery planning and programming

  • Adopting Build Back Safer (BBS) practices for sustainable outcomes in the earthquake affected communities
  • Promoting community-based engagement, mobilization, and awareness raising areas of focus

Activities on the FOUR plus ONE components

1. Shelter

Training in masonry, carpentry and Build Back Safer approaches; provide cash grants for shelter and involve communities in household debris clearing


Training in hardware and software (plumbing, water management, CLTS/SLTS, PHAST), construction and rehabilitation of water points and water systems, construction and rehabilitation of sanitation facilities at household and community levels and hygiene promotion

3. Health

Rehabilitation, construction and equipping of health facilities, blood transfusion service centers and community health activities – awareness, outbreak monitoring and prevention

4. Livelihood

Skills development training, cash grants for self-help groups and cooperatives, support to small enterprises, community level small infrastructure development such as irrigation canal rehabilitation, and support households with PWD or other vulnerable groups in livelihood opportunities

5. Institutional Capacity Building (ICB)

Rehabilitation and reconstruction of NRCS infrastructures, skill building activities on leadership and management development, supporting NRCS organizational units with essential office equipment, strengthening management support services such as developing plan, policy and procedure for the following Cross cutting issues:

  • Gender Equality and Social Inclusion  

Training and orientation on GESI and protection, integration of GESI and protection issues in all services and activities of Earthquake Response Operation, revision of child protection guideline and anti-harassment guideline and development of GESI technical guideline. 

  • Disaster Risk Reduction 

Trainings in Community-Based Disaster Risk Reduction (CBDRR), retrofitting, and support in developing DRR curriculums, DRR activities in schools and communities, supporting for community-based assessment and planning process and rehabilitation and reconstruction of schools and community buildings.

  • Community Engagement and Accountability

Feedback hotline, radio programme, complain response mechanism, public hearing and use of social media

Expected outcomes

1. The target population has attained durable shelter solutions

2. Sustainable reduction in risk of waterborne and water related diseases in targeted communities

3. Reduce medium-term risks to the health of earthquake-affected populations

4. Earthquake-affected, vulnerable communities have restored, strengthened, and/or improved their food security and income generation

5. National Society level of preparedness for future disasters and capacity to deliver sustainable programming and services strengthened

Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement partners

The Nepal Red Cross Society would like to express its gratitude and thankfulness to all our partners, agencies, authorities, organizations and people for their generous support and involvement in Earthquake Relief and Recovery efforts.

  1. American Red Cross
  2. Australian Red Cross
  3. Austrian Red Cross
  4. Belgian Red Cross – Flanders
  5. British Red Cross
  6. Red Cross Society of China
  7. Red Cross Society of China Hong Kong branch
  8. Danish Red Cross
  9. Finnish Red Cross
  10. French Red Cross
  11. German Red Cross
  12. Italian Red Cross
  13. Japanese Red Cross Society
  14. Luxemburg Red Cross
  15. Red Cross of Monaco
  16. Liechtenstein Red Cross
  17. Malaysian Red Crescent Society
  18. The Netherlands Red Cross
  19. New Zealand Red Cross
  20. Norwegian Red Cross
  21. Philippines Red Cross
  22. Qatar Red Crescent Society
  23. Singapore Red Cross Society
  24. Spanish Red Cross
  25. Swedish Red Cross
  26. Swiss Red Cross
  27. The Canadian Red Cross Society
  28. Thai Red Cross Society
  29. Turkish Red Crescent Society
  30. The Republic of Korea National Red Cross
  31. Taiwan Red Cross Organization
  32. International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC)
  33. International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)

Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement partners who contributed funding through IFRC appeal:

Afghanistan Red Crescent, Albanian Red Cross, Andorran Red Cross, Bangladesh Red Crescent Society, Belarus Red Cross, Botswana Red Cross Society, Brazilian Red Cross, Bulgarian Red Cross, China Red Cross Macau Branch, Colombian Red Cross Society, Croatian Red Cross, Ecuadorian Red Cross, Estonia Red Cross, Haitian Red Cross Society, Icelandic Red Cross, IFRC at the UN Inc, Irish Red Cross Society, Kazakh Red Crescent, Latvian Red Cross, Lithuanian Red Cross Society, Mauritius Red Cross Society, Mexican Red Cross, Mongolian Red Cross Society, Myanmar Red Cross Society, Polish Red Cross, Red Crescent Society of Azerbaijan, Red Crescent Society of Tajikistan, Red Crescent Society of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Red Cross of Montenegro, Red Cross of Viet Nam, Romanian Red Cross, Seychelles Red Cross Society, Slovak Red Cross, Slovenian Red Cross, Spanish Red Cross, Suriname Red Cross, The Red Cross of Serbia, The Red Cross of The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

Our special thanks goes to Ministry of Home Affairs, National Reconstruction Authority, Ministry of Health and Population, Department of Urban Development and Building Construction, Department of Drinking Water and Sewerage and all other relevant ministries and concerned government authorities of Nepal both at the central and local levels.

Nepal Red Cross Society would also like to express its appreciation to all international organizations, UN agencies, NGOs, INGOs, private sector and corporate houses, communities, and individuals who extended their support and cooperation in implementing Earthquake Response Operation successfully.

ProjectsCommitted BudgetBudget ReceivedExpenditureExp vs Committed BudgetExp vs Budget Received
Integrated Recovery Programme7,381,167,039.586,184,056,302.546,410,510,574.2086.85%103.66%
Component/ Specific areas373,239,024.22154,554,009.15117,379,515.4431.45%75.95%