Earthquake Response Operation

1. Introduction

Following the relief phase, Nepal Red Cross Society (NRCS) has been focusing on an integrated recovery programme primarily targeting in 14 worst affected districts with four thematic components of shelter, water sanitation and hygiene (WASH), health, livelihood and institutional capacity building (ICB) components. However, additional districts have been targeted with not all five but few components based on needs and availability of resources. Several other activities as identified through needs assessment such as disaster risk reduction (DRR) projects, blood transfusion programme, and environmental management projects have been included. ICB is considered as one of the major pillars of this operation.

The NRCS has envisaged concept of "one approach" i.e. one set of principles, one plan, one team, one programme, one tracking system and one reporting framework for the operation. This approach was developed together with partners, agreed and owned by all the partners supporting the recovery programme. Further, recovery planning is closely aligned to district government and NRCS strategies and approaches, and informed by good practice as outlined in the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) Recovery Guidance.

The NRCS formed Earthquake Response Steering Committee, a high level seven-member committee led by NRCS Chairman to ensure effective governance, management and movement coordination in earthquake response operation. Likewise, a five-member steering committee has also been formed in all 14 recovery programme districts and such committees are led by the district chapter president. Similarly, in order to coordinate and manage recovery programme, a unique mechanism (Earthquake Response Operation-ERO) has been formed with specific mandate and characterized by Movement-wide operation.

NRCS, with support from Movement partners, has developed a recovery framework which is in line with the Post Disaster Recovery Framework of the Government of Nepal.

The ERO is being managed in such a way that none of the obligation will be transferred to NRCS after completion of recovery work. Thus, NRCS, as an institution, will not be affected adversely by any means; rather it will be further strengthened through effective operational coordination between the ERO and the NRCS departments.

2. Strategy for Implementation

  • Building on NRCS existing strategy, programmes, and capacities;
  • Strengthening NRCS organizational units (headquarters, chapters and sub-chapters) and internal functioning of the National Society;
  • Integrating five thematic operational components (Shelter, WASH, health, livelihood and ICB);
  • Designing and implementing intervention as guided by community needs assessment and maintaining alignment with post disaster needs assessment of Government;
  • Following one approach of operation design and implementation in all operation districts;
  • Contextualized analysis for effective recovery planning and programming
  • Adopting Build Back Safer (BBS) practices for sustainable outcomes in the earthquake affected communities
  • Promoting community-based engagement, mobilisation, and awareness raising

3. Thematic Areas of Focus/Priority Areas of Action

  1. Training in masonry and carpentry
  2. Provision of cash grants for shelter
  3. Participatory approach to safe shelter awareness (PASSA) training and roll-out
  4. Involve communities in clearing debris

  1. Training in hardware and software (plumbing, water management), CBHFA, PHAST
  2. Construction/rehabilitation of water points/water systems (approx. 800) and sanitation facilities at household and community levels
  3. Hygiene promotion

  1. Rehabilitation/construction/equipping of health facilities (that includes blood centres)
  2. Training in CBHFA/psychosocial support (PSS)
  3. CBHFA and psychosocial activities in the communities
  4. Support or work together with authorities to achieve total immunisation by 2017
  5. Institutional capacity building: light ERU, CP, training and mobilisation

  1. Training in agriculture, vocational skills, management etc
  2. Distribution of cash grants for small business or agriculture
  3. Support to small enterprises
  4. Provide short term income opportunities (such as cash for work)

  1. Rehabilitation of Nepal Red Cross facilities and provision of equipment in the targeted districts
  2. Training volunteers
  3. Strengthening physical infrastructures: warehouse, blood bank
  4. Pre- positioning of relief and response stocks
  5. Establishing/strengthening systems (information management, finance, resource mobilization, information technology, etc)

4. Cross cutting issues

Gender Equality and Social Inclusion

  • Women empowerment, child protection , disability inclusion Violence preventio
  • Training, orientation and awareness raising on gender equality, social inclusion (GESI) and protection
  • Mainstreaming GESI and protection in all services and programmes
  • Orientation on NRCS Child Protection (CP) and Anti harassment guidelines
  • Code of conduct of Child protection and Anti Harassment inbuilt in NRCS syste

Disaster Risk Reduction

  • Trainings in community based Disaster Risk Reduction (CBDRR), retrofitting, and support in developing DRR curriculums, DRR
  • activities in schools and communities, supporting for community
  • based assessment and planning process and rehabilitation and
  • reconstruction of schools and community buildings

Community Engagement and Accountability

  • Feedback hotline, radio programme, complain response
  • mechanism, public hearing and use of social media

Planning, monitoring, evaluation and reporting- information management

  • One Movement Wide Plan
  • Movement Wide Reporting
  • Web-based management information system
  • Exit surveys, post distribution monitoring, reviews and evaluations
  • Case study, participatory monitoring, most significant change story

5. Beneficiaries /Target

Thematic Area Beneficiaries/Target
Shelter 7,000 households (around 35,000 people)
with shelter cash grants and 317,200 people with build back safer awareness activties
WASH 317,200 people
Health 159,800 people
Livelihood 188,000 people
Institutional capacity building Headquarters and 14 districts

6. Recovery Programme Budget

Total committed from partners NPR
Total amount received until 28 February 2017 NPR
Total Expenditure until 28 February 2017 NPR