Since its inception in 1963, Nepal Red Cross Society has been involved in disaster relief. Later, NRCS broadened its scope and getting itself involved in the disaster preparedness both at the organizational and the community level. Therefore, NRCS has been active in getting prepared for and delivering assistance addressing the overall disaster management cycle. Because of the demonstrated capacity of NRCS in DM in the country, NRCS has been recognized as one of the key actors. NRCS has an established mechanism for implementing disaster risk reduction measures and also for the disaster response. Its networks at different levels, depending on the size of the disasters get immediately active after the disaster. They in many cases become the first responders to the local disasters. Organizational level Units at the higher level gets activated if the local units’ capacity is not enough to respond to the disaster. If the scale of disaster is big and NRCS capacity is not adequate to cope with the disaster, it launches an international emergency appeal through the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC). NRCS mobilizes its organization and volunteers at appropriate levels to carrying out disaster response. Skilled human resources are mobilized for assessment and response planning. Information collected by NRCS during emergency is considered as the credible one by other organizations and rely on these. Emergency assessment forms developed and used by NRCS are adopted by many other organizations and partners.
In Nepal, floods, landslides and fires are the recurring disasters and affect thousands of lives every year. Epidemics, droughts and avalanches occur frequently and the country is highly vulnerable to the earthquake. Earthquake has been occurring at different intervals of time. These also affect many lives. Rugged topography and weak transportation network pose a great challenge to the immediate and effective disaster response. The incidence of disaster is further aggravated by these. In order to make its disaster response further effective, NRCS is putting constant efforts to decentralize the disaster response activities and has been expanding its disaster risk reduction initiatives upto to community level from the headquarters...
NRCS has been being engaged in providing humanitarian assistance to the people affected by disaster and other consequences that force the population to move from their place of origin. Therefore, displaced population also remains as one of the beneficiary groups for NRCS. Considering all the facts and practices, NRCS has been involved in the following areas of disaster management.
- Disaster Response (Relief and Recovery)
- Disaster Risk Reduction (Preparedness and Mitigation)
- Displaced population (people displaced as a consequence of conflict/internal disturbances and refugees)