Nepal is a mountainous country located on the lap of Himalaya covering the area of 147,181 square Kilometers. The country is located in South Asia bordering with India and China, the two most populous countries in the world. It stretches 145-241 kilometers from the north to south and 885 Kilometers from the west to east. The country is divided broadly into plain, hill and mountainous parts. The mountain belt lies at an altitude ranging from 4,877 metres above the sea level to 8,848 meters to the top of Mt. Everest. The mountainous part occupies 35% of the total land area and about 7.3% of the country’s population live here. The hills, with the altitude ranging from 610 metres to 4876 metres, take up 42% of the area. 44.3% of the total population lives in this region. The Terai belt (plain flat land of south Nepal) with the altitude between 61 metres and 305 metres above sea level and 48.4% of the country’s population live in this region, which comprises only 23% of the total area. The climate of Nepal ranges from very hot to severe cold due to altitudinal variations.
NRCS 5th Development Plan