Nepal, a mountainous country with a surface area of 147,181 sq.km is bordered in the north by the Chinese Autonomous Territory of Tibet and in the east, south and west by the India. The population mainly dominated by Aryan and Mongol ethnicity, is estimated at 23.5 million which is rising at an annual growth rate of 2.2 per cent. About 86 per cent of the population lives in the rural areas, and remote mountain regions are sparsely populated. Latest statistics indicate that 30% of Nepal’s inhabitants are living below the poverty line. With GNP estimated at US$ 249 per capita, Nepal remains one of the poorest countries in the world. Its economy was poised for significant change after 1990, however, a decade long political instability has caused a serious setback to the development potentialities of the country. The country which was struggling hard to ensure equitable access to development efforts to all districts due to combination of factors including rugged topography is further experiencing severe difficulties.
Health Policy 2005