The World Disasters Report is an annual independent publication commissioned by the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) and the National Societies around the world, contributing evidence-based research on the challenges, trends and innovations in disaster risk reduction and crisis management. The report is an important body of research, which builds on discussions at the 2015 UN World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction in Sendai, and the adoption of the Sustainable Development Goals. It makes a direct contribution to next year’s World Humanitarian Summit where the localization of aid is one of the key thematic areas of focus.
There’s quite a big focus on Nepal in this year’s WDR, including on Movement cooperation. Here are quick summaries of the references to Nepal in the report:
Page 8 Local volunteers and emergency workers were the first to respond after the earthquake.
Page 11 Local people and NRCS were the first to respond after the earthquake.
p163-4 Box 6.4 ICRC’s operational partnership with NRCS helped with RFL, dead body management and first aid capacity.
p171 Nepal Risk Reduction Consortium would benefit from “political economy analysis” and needs to foster integration across sectors.
p172 Community Disaster Management Committees involve a diverse group of local actors.
Pp184-4 Box 7.1 Kathmandu Living Labs used Open Street Maps to create quakemap which collected info on or trapped people, blocked roads or helicopter landing sites, cultural landmarks etc. Initially the primary users were the army and NRCS. Later, the UN and NGOs used the system. But KLL struggled for funding.
P188 Nepal earthquake prompted Facebook’s “I’m Safe” and Google’s “Person Finder’ functions.