Lifeline Messages

http://familylinks.icrc.org/nepal-earthquake/en/pages/home.aspx
Diarrhoea is caused by drinking water or eating food which is not clean.

Diarrhoea is caused by drinking water or eating food which is not clean. The germs that cause diarrhoea are found in faeces, when these germs find their way into your water or onto your food then you will become ill.

If you do not have access to clean toilets you are more at risk. If you are staying in a temporary shelter or camp you should pay special attention to hygiene for yourself and your family.   

Symptoms of diarrhoea include frequent loose or watery stools, vomiting, abdominal cramps, fever, and dehydration.  In very serious cases you may see blood in your stool.

Children are most commonly affected. But older people, and those who are already sick or weak are also particularly at risk. 

If anyone has these symptoms they should: drink lots of water to stay hydrated - a good treatment can be made by mixing half a teaspoon of salt and six teaspoons of sugar into one litre of water. This will help you stay hydrated and feel better.

You should go to the doctor or clinic if:  

1) you have severe diarrhoea – going to the toilet more than once per hour   with extremely loose and watery stool.

                                                                2) your baby has had diarrhoea for more than 24 hours

3)You are an adult and have had diarrhoea for more than 3 days.

 

To Prevent Diarrhoea and other diseases:

Toilets

Always go to the toilet in a toilet or a latrine and wash your hands afterwards. This reduces the chances of catching disease yourself and of spreading the disease to others.

Clean Water

Drink only clean and safe water, which has been filtered and boiled or purified with piush, aqua tab or other chlorine agent.

Chlorine Tabs must only be used by dissolving them in water – they must not be eaten as this is extremely dangerous for health.

Hygiene/Hand washing

Wash hands with soap and water after going to the toilet, after cleaning the baby’s bottom, after touching rubbish and before cooking, eating or feeding the baby.

Carry a whistle with you at all times to attract attention

Carry a whistle with you at all times to attract attention in an emergency. Blow the whistle if you are trapped or injured by an earthquake, flood or landslide. You can also blow the whistle if you are attacked. A whistle can be heard far away and it can save your voice.

Keep calm when you feel the ground shake

Are you ready? Prepare an earthquake action plan with your family. Agree on a meeting point outside in a safe open space. Plan escape routes in case the main door is blocked. Keep a whistle on you at all times.

Stay out of flood water to be safe. Do not play, bathe or swim in flood water

Stay out of flood water to be safe. Do not play, bathe or swim in flood water. It is dangerous. Strong currents can sweep you away. Debris in the water can cause injury. Snakes in the water may bite you. The water may be contaminated and make you ill.

Use text message instead of calling to prevent network outage

After an earthquake, communication networks may be down or overloaded. Use text message instead of calling to prevent network outage.

Carry a whistle on your person at all times to attract attention in an emergency

Carry a whistle on your person at all times to attract attention in an emergency. Blow the whistle if you are trapped or injured by an earthquake, flood or landslide. You can also blow the whistle if you are attacked. A whistle can be heard far away and it can save your voice. Keep the whistle on your key ring or hang it on a chord round your neck.